The Effect of Psycho-educational Interventions on General Health of Family Caregivers of Patients With Spinal Cord Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial

AUTHORS

Zahra Molazem 1 , * , Taybeh Falahati 2 , Iran Jahanbin 3 , Soraya Ghadakpour 3 , Payman Jafari 4

1 Community Based Nursing and Midwifery Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

3 Department of Nursing, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

4 Department of Biostatistics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Molazem Z, Falahati T, Jahanbin I, Ghadakpour S, Jafari P. The Effect of Psycho-educational Interventions on General Health of Family Caregivers of Patients With Spinal Cord Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. Online ahead of Print ; 2(4):32252.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 2 (4); 32252
Published Online: November 15, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 16, 2012
Accepted: March 15, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Family caregivers are often responsible for providing significant support to relatives who require care at home. However, evidence suggests that family caregivers have limited information, resources or support to prepare them for such a role. Furthermore, family caregiving can be associated with negative physical and psychosocial outcomes. This study examines the short-term impact of psychoeducational interventions on genera health of family caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury.

Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled trial 62 caregivers, who had a primary role, participated in this study; these candidates were randomly categorized into intervention (n = 33) and control (n = 29) groups. Caregivers of the intervention group took part in the training sections, which were held once a week for four successive weeks (each session lasting 90 minutes), while control group received no training. Both groups completed the general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) before the intervention and 2 and 6 weeks after the intervention. A Chi-square test, independent t-tests, fisher exact test and Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance were used with the SPSS program for data analysis.

Results: The results have revealed that all the participants had mental health disorders, in both groups. After the intervention a significant difference was found between the two study groups regarding the mean score of mental health 2 and 6 weeks after the intervention (P = 0.001). Similar results were also obtained regarding the domains of mental health (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: The results revealed the effectiveness of psycho-educational interventions in improving general health among caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury. Designing continual programs along with consultation is essential and beneficial in promoting general health of family caregivers of spinal cord injury patients.

Keywords

Family Caregivers General Health Psycho-educational Intervention Spinal Cord Injury

© 2013, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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