Effect of Family-centered Empowerment Model on the atTitude to Medications and Drug Compliance in Patients With Schizophrenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

AUTHORS

Kourosh Zarea 1 , Bahman Dashtebozorgi 1 , * , Alireza Rezaie 2 , Ahmad Ghanizadeh 3 , Mahmood Latifi 4

1 Chronic Disease Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Ibn Sina Hospital, Shiraz university of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

3 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

4 Department of Statistics, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Zarea K, Dashtebozorgi B, Rezaie A, Ghanizadeh A, Latifi M. Effect of Family-centered Empowerment Model on the atTitude to Medications and Drug Compliance in Patients With Schizophrenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. Online ahead of Print ; 3(1):32263.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 3 (1); 32263
Published Online: January 9, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 9, 2013
Accepted: June 15, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that causes lack of insight into the disease and the drugs will experience episodes of relapses. In addition, it is a progressive disorder effect on the individual and involved their family. This study aimed to determine the effects of family-centered empowerment model on the attitude and medication compliance of patients with schizophrenia.

Materials and Methods: This study is a randomized controlled trial study in which 71 patients with schizophrenia and their families referred to Ibn Sina hospital of Shiraz who met inclusion criteria were divided randomly into control and study groups. The study group received education through 6 training sessions every which last 90 minutes. This training was planned on the basis of family-centered empowerment approach. In the contrast, the control group just received routine care. Both groups were evaluated by assessing questionnaire. To analyze the data chi square, t-test and fishers were used in this study.

Results: The findings showed that a statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups in the attitude to medication in the one month after the intervention (P < 0.01) and in the drug compliance after intervention (P < 0.01). On the other hand, no significant relation was seen about attitude to medication between two groups after intervention (P > 0.12).

Conclusions: Family-centered empowerment model can increase drug adherence of patients with schizophrenia but cannot effect on the attitudes of these patients in the short period.

Keywords

Family-centered Empowerment Model Schizophrenia Attitude Toward Drugs Drug Compliance

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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