The Effect of Foot Reflexology (Reflex Zone Therapy) on the Intensity of Behavioral of Symptom of Premenstrual Syndrome: Single Blinded of Randomize Clinical Trial

AUTHORS

Somayeh Ansari 1 , Homa Dastgheibshirazi 2 , * , Fahimeh Sehati 2 , Masoumeh Sayhi 3 , Neda Davaridehkordi 4

1 Department of Midwifery, Reproductive Health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

3 Department of Midwifery, Shushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

4 Department of Midwifery and Nursing, Masjed Soleyman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Masjed Soleyman, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ansari S, Dastgheibshirazi H, Sehati F, Sayhi M, Davaridehkordi N. The Effect of Foot Reflexology (Reflex Zone Therapy) on the Intensity of Behavioral of Symptom of Premenstrual Syndrome: Single Blinded of Randomize Clinical Trial, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. Online ahead of Print ; 3(1):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 3 (1)
Published Online: January 9, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 16, 2012
Accepted: March 15, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome is considered as one of the most common gynecological diseases and is also one of the most common disorders at fertility ages. Regarding the global expansion of using traditional medicine as complementary medicine and keeping the midwives along with modern methods and also considering the many advantages and low side effects of reflexology, the researcher decided to study its effect on reducing this syndrome among students at Tehran University of Medical sciences.

Materials and Methods: This research is a single blinded clinical trial which was done on 120 volunteer students in the University of Tehran. Having diagnosed the above syndrome by registering the form of daily status and having the requirements for entering the study during two menstrual cycles as randomly and using Rand List software, the research units were divided in to two groups of real and unreal reflex zone therapy (intervention and control group) and received this treatment for eight continuous weeks, for 30 minutes once a week. The data were statistically analyzed by Chi-square test and Fishers exact test for comparing the qualitative variables and by mean difference test and repeated measurement of ANOVA for comparing the quantitative variables with SPSS.15 software.

Results: The results of research in the two treatment groups show that real reflex zone therapy can reduce the behavioral symptoms by 20% though such reduction does not show a statistically significant difference (P = 0.16).

Conclusions: According to the results, although the effect of this method of the behavioral part of this syndrome was not significant, regarding the results of other researches for the effectiveness of this method of decreasing the PMS, it is hoped to use for reducing the symptoms by more researches in this area of complementary medicine together with other common treatments in gynecological areas like other advanced countries.

Keywords

Sole Reflexology (Reflex Zone Therapy) Premenstrual Syndrome Behavioral Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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