Effectiveness of Group Training Program Relevant to Stress Management on the Quality of Life and its Dimensions Using a Cognitive-Behavioral Approach in Mothers of Children With Autism

AUTHORS

Zeinab Dareshouri Mohammadi 1 , Hamideh Yazdezadeh 2 , * , Sodabh Bassaknejhad 3 , Robab Daghagheleh 1

1 Counseling and Psychological Center, Ahvaze Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

3 Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychology and Education School, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Dareshouri Mohammadi Z, Yazdezadeh H, Bassaknejhad S, Daghagheleh R. Effectiveness of Group Training Program Relevant to Stress Management on the Quality of Life and its Dimensions Using a Cognitive-Behavioral Approach in Mothers of Children With Autism, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. Online ahead of Print ; 3(1):32262.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 3 (1); 32262
Published Online: January 9, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 31, 2013
Accepted: June 17, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Children with autism may experience unique adverse effects, which result in social restrictions and high stress in the parents, especially the mother. This research aims to determine the effectiveness of group training program relevant to stress management on improvement of quality of life and its dimensions (mental health, physical health, social adjustment, and environmental health) in the mothers of children diagnosed with autism in educational centers in Ahwaz.

Materials and Methods: This research is a quasi-experimental kind of study with both pre-test and post-test stages. The research sample consisted of 24 mothers of children with autism. The sample was selected using available sampling method. Randomly the individuals in the sample were categorized into two experimental and control groups. The research tool was Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS), Demographic Check List of World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BRFEF). The experimental group participated in 8 sessions of group training program whose duration lasted for 2 hours. Then, they were assesses by the Quality of Life Questionnaire. Then, the data were analyzed by analysis of covariance using SPSS software version 16.

Results: The results indicated that group-training program relevant to stress management has positive effects on quality of life and its dimensions (including physical health, mental health and social communication) in mothers of children with autism. However, this program had no effect on improvement of environmental health, which is one dimension of quality of life.

Conclusions: Group-training program relevant to stress management is effective on improving the quality of life of mothers of children with autism by increasing their knowledge and controlling the stressful situations.

Keywords

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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