Frequency and Risk Factors of Postpartum Psychosis in Psychiatric Ward of Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran, a ten Year Epidemiologic Study

AUTHORS

Poorandokht Afshary 1 , Mobina Moradi Moemen 1 , * , Kourosh Zarea 2 , Mahdis Vakili 3

1 Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Chronic Disease Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

3 Department of Nutrition, Para Medicine School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Afshary P, Moradi Moemen M, Zarea K, Vakili M. Frequency and Risk Factors of Postpartum Psychosis in Psychiatric Ward of Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran, a ten Year Epidemiologic Study, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. Online ahead of Print ; 3(2):32269.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 3 (2); 32269
Published Online: April 18, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 16, 2013
Accepted: February 15, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Post-partum psychosis is seen in women who have just given birth. This disorder has destructive effects on mother-child and couple relationships. The current study explores the frequency and risk factors of post-partum psychosis during a 10 years period in Golestan Hospital in Ahvaz, Iran.

Materials and Methods: The current study is a cross-sectional study. Study environment was psychiatric ward of Golestan hospital in Ahvaz. Sampling was done by census using patients medical records. Eleven cases were diagnosed with postpartum psychosis from 2002 to 2012. Inclusion criteria were: being married and being in reproductive age (15 - 35). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results: The mean age of mothers was 22.09. 72.7% of the patients were residents of the city. 72.7% had vaginal delivery and 27.3% had cesarean-section. In 63.7% of cases, the onset of disorder was after first child birth and in 45.4% of women; the onset of this illness was three weeks after delivery. Most of women got married and had their first child at age less than 20. Most patients had medium economic situation.

Conclusions: This study showed that marriage age, low economic situation, newborn's sex may be risk factors for postpartum psychosis. Further studies with larger sample size are needed to confirm these results.

Keywords

Post-partum Psychosis Epidemiology Risk Factors

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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