Epidemiologic Consideration of Tuberculosis in East Health Center of Ahvaz in 2010

AUTHORS

Masoumeh Yahyavi 1 , * , Zahra Karimi 2 , Sajad Falsafizadeh 2 , Mehdi Noori 1 , Fatemeh Hosinzadeh 1 , Fereshteh Moradi 1

1 Department of Laboratory Sciences, School of Paramedicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Yahyavi M, Karimi Z, Falsafizadeh S, Noori M, Hosinzadeh F, et al. Epidemiologic Consideration of Tuberculosis in East Health Center of Ahvaz in 2010, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. Online ahead of Print ; 3(1):32261.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 3 (1); 32261
Published Online: January 9, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 31, 2013
Accepted: June 29, 2013

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Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculosis is a contagious disease and a main cause of mortality in humans thus the World Health Organization has declared it as a global emergency. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of tuberculosis and involving factors in patients referring to the diagnosis laboratory of tuberculosis in Ahvaz East Health Center.

Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective and descriptive-analytical investigation that 1173 people referring to East Health Center of Ahvaz in 2009 in term of tuberculosis were studied, After Ziehl Neelsen stained sputum samples, 97 patients with tuberculosis were diagnosed. Finally, individual and social variables were collected from patients records and analyzed.

Results: Prevalence of tuberculosis was about 8.3% which 67% of them were males and 33% were women. Prevalence of factors such as smoking, drug addiction, and prison history was 72, 50 and 33 respectively. The highest prevalence was found in the age group 25 - 34 years. And 80 percent of patients were rural and 20 percent were urban.

Conclusions: These studies showed that the risk of TB have been influenced by two important factors including individual factors in addition to social factors, and Smoking, history of prison and drug addiction are the most important factors affecting tuberculosis.

Keywords

Tuberculosis Drug Addiction Smoking History of Prison Ahvaz

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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